06 October 2010

Subjective and Objective Tests

These are also known as essay tests because they don't have single or particular answers .The guide used is to moderate the subjectivity.
An essay responses may vary in length from single answers.The response is generally free depending on the students experimental background.The three features that determine a free essay tests are:
Examination is given is given in freedom to answer questions in own words.There is no single answer to a given question .It takes the prose form. Answers to a question are assessed to merit or quality.
The importance of essay tests are that it basis on records learner's progress and monitor learning progress.It maps the programme to see areas of strengths and weaknesses to seek help for placement purpose of promotion into learning groups the determination skills mastered or knowledge development ,for work covered or mastered and for motivational purposes.
Advantages of Subjective Tests are higher learning skills are utilised by learners ,for example the synthesis,analysis and evaluation. Brevity and consciousness ,precious of expression is developed among learners.It can quickly and easily constructed and eliminates guessing.
Disadvantages of Subjective Tests are subjectivity the same piece of work can get different marks.Pupils with poor language prowess tend to fail .
Time is consumed when answering these questions ,usually it is limited in scope do not cover much content.
Objective Tests are opposite to subjectivity tests.The objective tests demand one specific answer,for example "Which continent Zimbabwe found?"There is a definite answer which is Africa.
There are two variations to objective test are short answer items ,here candidate write answer as a word,number or phrase and multiple choice items ,they present several alternatives ,the candidate incase the best from the distractors.
Multiple choice questions consist on item stem ,it could be a question or incomplete question and carefully chosen alternatives.Four or five distractors and not three.
Advantages of Multiple Choice Questions Can measure all level of student ability from memory to synthesis. It enable wide sampling of subject content. Quick and easy to score.Scoring quite objectives which can be analysed for effectiveness.
Disadvantages of Multiple Choice Questions they are difficult to construct good items. There is also tendency to measure recall.Consideration underpinning construction of a satisfactory objective test.
Generely measurements make all our recommendations towards any system more easier as we analyse the outcomes of the project.
Through evaluation we deal with appraisal of value inorder to reach meaningful decisions .A critical analysis and interpretation of of the learners' results inorder to come up with judgements about their standard and value for example 90%.When a pupil gets 90% their comments you going to make as teacher like "very good" ,"well done" etc.By so doing the teacher is evaluating.However when commenting like ,"That's a milacle".
Areas for evaluation in education are pupils' participation ,their academic performance ,co-curricular performance or behaviours of learners ,for example morals.
Content ,the adequacy of content ,the relevance to the level of learners or the coverage ,that's link to the syllabus.Learning dormains ' coverage whether effective in cognitive and psychomotor.
Classroom instructions that's schemes ,lesson plans ,teaching methods ,sources of matter or test are they syllabus based.
Objective whether they are SMART (Specific Measurable Achievable Realistic Time framed)
Philosophers use evaluation as to basically promote an individual's work.Therefore teachers need to be aware of individual differences among their learners.The teacher should be flexible and willing to do something about such learner's differences .Pupils need to be motivated to be successful in their work, as teacher provide with opportunities to excel.As a stimulus teachers should further expose their learners to the opportunities for setting their own standards of self evalution.
The learner can evaluates his/her own performance against the standards s/he sets for

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