Discipline denotes the maintenance of order and control.It involves listening and sustaining attention and motivation.
According to Kasambira (1993)discipline has many definitions simplified as ,habits of obidients to produce self control or training of mind and character or the act of using the reasonable control inorder to produce desired behaviour.
Owens(1993)says discipline is word simply means ,"one who gives instruction."
Dubey(1986:142)puts discipline as a verb means to punish ,as noun it means having developed self control and how to behave within a given context.
"discipline generally refers to correctly and directing children towards acceptable behaviour that is getting children to obey ,do what they are told to do ,listening to instructions ,obeying rules and laws ,obeying those in authority and respecting others."
Therefore from these above authorities discipline is a mode of life in accordance with some rules governing the classroom or school climate ,which involves order that is maintained by control it ,concerns some restraints and punishment to ordery conduct based on definite standards of behaviour.
Each class or school must have rules regulations,a code of conduct ,policies to guide the behaviour of learners so that everyone works in an orderly manner.
Discipline goes beyond the confined of the short term .It influences children's future behaviour.
Some categories of Deviant Behaviour
Aggression and violent attacks on the teachers by pupils.
Delibarate vandalism of school property.
Failing to put on school uniform.
Defiance of the teacher's authority.
Untideness in dress and in school work in general.
failure to do their work.
Some basic principles of Discipline:The teacher in the classroom gives instructions that enables pupils to attend to a given task.Discipline is dynamic of helping pupils to focus their attention towards learning goals.Discipline enables learners to be self driven and change according to children's stage of development and help them to move to the next stage.For one to be disciplined enough should fully meet the basic needs such as food ,security ,safety,warmth etc.Effective discipline is strongly related to refrective teaching and learning.
Importance of discipline it helps to maintain order and regulates behaviour.Children become self guide and independent, meet their intellectual and emotional needs easily and helps the teacher to deliver professionally,effeciently and effectively all planned duties ,hence the children and the teacher become socially acceptable.
Implications for the Teacher must be just fair,firm and friendly.Should be consistence and tough to principles .Examine the motivation behind indiscipline and need to be approachable.
Less formal relationships with the community and focus on always preparing proper work to prevent poor performance.
In conclusion good discipline prevails children and the teacher will willingly follow rules ,they will realise that that they are working for the good of the whole group ,the whole school ,class and their own good teacher.
Pupils will also realise that they do not benefit from wrong doing and therefore seek to avoid actions that interferes.
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