The prehistoric era art in drawing was done using natural available paints from plants and blood of animals on stones. Some pre historic drawings are found in Africa done by the san and bushmen ,ancient Chinese ,Europeans and red Indians in American continent. When drawing man for instance they made pictures just like what infants scrible stick persons on a piece of paper today. The ancient drawings had simply an inverted Y of the body and legs across line for the arm and a circle for head.
Therefore from this prehistoric illustrations we can have a view of the ancient elements which are essential to all drawings done by school children.
The media commonly used by prehistoric people in drawing were clay and stones like the ancient Chinese used silk cloth ,ox blood and so on.
In the middle ages many artists drew on particular materials as put by Jackson(1992) that ,since the 15th century after the successful invention of the printing press by the great Germany inventer Guten Berg made available in large quantities of paper products which the artists found easily for their drawings. This paper products were inepensive ,easily available and convenient to carry. Dun (1995)supports that ,their art forms gained the first widespread popularity among European artists during this 15th century where these artistic drawings on paper were made up of attractive beautiful colours in various degrees and textures of absithe.
Since this paper periodic era there emerged artists of highest calibre who became famous because of their great drawings they had made. Among the most popular artists and their magnificent drawings were Leonardo Da Vince ,Albrecht ,Durur , Michelongelo and Raphel. During next 16 and 17th centuries Clande ,Nicolas ,Paussin ,Rembrandt and Peter Paul Rubens who made the names records in art historic records because of their best and important drawings of that time to the people and their religious practices.
The18th century artist and their drawings produced by Jean Hanore Fragonard ,Francisco Goya ,Giorami Battista Tiepilo and Anotine Wattian. And the 19th century artists include Paul Gazanine ,Jacques Louse David ,Edgar Degas , Theodore Gericault and many others(Martz 1962).
Efland(1990:77) says ,Pestalozzi the great philosopher pioneered the formal art in schools ,although Pestalozzi initiated the formal teaching and learning of artistic drawing in school Education, the art of drawing already existed since inception of humanity five thousand years ago. The primitive mind of this artists were satisfied with simple structured lines (Efland 1990:66)
Today 's modern artistic drawings are often practised as a preliminary study of painting . However each area still produces artefacts of various sorts some of high quality in advent of contemporary mechanised ,sophisticated life missions ,inexpensive clothing ,plastic utensils has changed artistic innovations and needs(Bruce 1995). Artistic drawing is a thriving industry capable of expressing man's feelings as well as be a well paid profession which can sustain a decent living in this contemporary world.
Bruce (1995)lists tools used for drawing which include a drawing board,where to fit a drawing paper A1 size board is the most sitable one . But it is also necessary not to use pins as they damage board by creating holes and compromise its smoothness.
The drawing papers made from different weights which means different thickness . The sketch pad is the most convenient base for sketching.Whilst lead pencils also being part of essential not to miss tools . The pencils were made from lead abandantly found in Europe in varying degrees of hardness and softness are classified as H and B for hard and soft respectively:
6H 5H 4H 3H H HB
B 2B 3B 4B 5B 6B
Charcoal and old materials used for drawing is also delightful and versatile medium ,but it does take a little time to become accost to it.
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