25 September 2010


Social studies and religious and moral Education subjects in Zimbabwe primary schools are designed and implemented to train or make the school children aware and be responsible citizens who can perpetuate those aspects of their society vital for its existence as a progressive culture. This doesn't mean to perpetuate aspects which are anachronistic ,for example subjunction of women.
A society which ignores its children's Education is also neglecting it own future. The children as future leaders for social development should be able to enhance the importance of their society. Hence social studies ,religious and moral Education and other primary disciplines are used as tools to train children to fit into any socio-cultural set -up.
Beard in Joyce (1965)says ,the creation of rich many sided personalities equipped with practical knowledge and inspired by ideals so that they can make their way and fulfill their mission in a changing society which is part of a world complex. Children should therefore have a firm will for without will nothing great will be accomplished. Naturally children are filled with this aspirations which needs to be nurtured for their human race ,for this aspiration there is need for motivation power to make actions work.
In primary schools through social sciences children can be developed into citizens who know the heritage of their society and are equipped to participate fully in the political ,social and economic sectors of their society.
Children should also be aware of the social world's fast changing pace ,because of technological advancements that it becomes useless to formulate dogmas that can fix what the citizen should know. The school Education system must therefore help growing children to be able to take part in the transformation of their society rather than maintenance of its legacies.
The acquiring of skills,use of ICTs and new ideas that will change the face of society and its civilisation. Unless the curriculum is also prepared to change at the same time Educational practitioners review the reasons for changes accordingly then there may be without a future in which to change at all.
Children must also learn that naturally human being has resistance to change deep-rooted in their minds. Change is a new stimuli which we may not know triggered in our minds to react. Although it threatens feelings of security ,which also thrives when the familiar environment doesn't change ,despite all its disadvantages . This state of conservatism that the changing society in its process of transformation should thereafter smashed in order to realised in practical terms in the new social order. There is much objectivity needed in the society and human understanding on the problems of social responsibility in particular and that of individual in general.
Citizenship Education should be the pillar of development of children to be able to understand the formulation of propositions and advocacy for direct progress in the society. The purpose of citizenship Education is to provide stability in the society . If citizens fail to grow and appreciate social freedom ,justice,equality and its development then the struggle for realisation these ideals forced people to agree on these social ills.
Social responsibility concerned certainly with appreciation and deepening of the meaning of freedom ,equality and development . To encourage this primary school children should learn about their society as a fundamental responsibility . Schools therefore are the chief agents of social solidarity.
The social dynamism influenced the social institutions to be shakened as they should adapt even more radically . Citizen Education act as a stabiliser or perpetuator of society ,hence Education is in harmony with society's values of transformation.
In the schools and its classrooms children should experience all kinds of human interaction and problems that will face in the future. Children should be involved in activities to learn the commitments to social processes and the skills that will make them effective.For instance children can discuss the importance of rules and laws to protect their environment and social interactions for economic and social needs.
Expose them to discussions of the social movements and problems that are shaping the world in which they live. This enables them to cope with a changing world.
Systematic studies of social scientists (psychologists,sociologists,anthropologists) through providing children the tactics to become effective citizens and develop their personalities. Above all by exploring other heritages from other societies help them to sharpen their heritage and cooperate with the whole world.
Inconclusion the teacher should help chidren to be responsible citizens. The mere study of environment isn't sufficient and simply presenting the child with information will not provide them with realisation of all potentialities ,but Education makes a child a complete citizen as it gives a chance think and discuss the concepts taught.To achieve social responsibility goals lets utilise children uniqueness in a classroom which is not a homogeneous group and analyse Educational purposes in their unique intellectual social and individual development.

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