Education is a means by which society ensures its stability.Therefore shools serve as transmitters of culture and knowledge to the next generation.What they given in schools is derived from the society's needs and demands.These needs and demands are as a result of society's everyday life and the everyday life of a society is its culture.This culture is vital for the survival of the society.Lawton(1973) says,Education is the selection from the culture of that society.This is because an education system should meet the needs ,goals and aspirations of the society.
Although the education system was influenced and designed to meet the interests of the dominant groups in any society.The development of democracy ideology in many society indicates that the education is going towards easing the burderns of the general populous.In other words education in any society integrates the equal production and exchange of an economy.
The schools' socialisation is now a common ground for cross pollination of ideas to form members of society who are united to fight their common challenges and relegate aggresiveness behaviours to fight against each other for no apperant cause. However children are also socialised through other institutions ,for example,the family ,the peer groups ,the church and media all changed to contribute with their versions of reality.But material conditions in any society are the final determinants of a child's world outlook.For example if the material conditions in a society are capitalistic then the world outlook. In the capitalistic society children will be capitalistic as well.The capitalist mode of production will devise means of sustaining itself.However with the advent of internet technology, the world is fast changing in the communication system ,such that a child from one end of the world can able to share information with another child from another far corner daily and change the face of the society immediately.
The school is seen ,not as a ground for change of behaviour ,but as a social life in its sense.The learning activities and the co-curricular activities which take place reflect the everyday social living of the society concerned.The school preserves desired traditional values and knowledge which promote attitudes of solidarity and cooperation.It also transmits these values to the next generation.These cultural values help to cement national and social unity.
A society consisting of people with different cultures (multi-cultural society), which are common in many countries.
In addition schools has major roles to play in building a united people and the creation of global village.Firstly schools can do this by supporting and promoting UN's goals of uniting people through education.The goal, aimed to enable all children to enjoy equal educational opportunities and facilities.It also maximise equal sharing of the educational facilities that are available worldover .Furthermore ,it enables all children to get access to education.
Secondly ,the school can do this by teaching young children love and respect of one another despite differences in the colour of their skin and their different social and linguistic backgrounds.This will promote the development of attitudes that are favourable to equality,selflessness and solidarity in our children.These qualities are essential for creation of the new world order.
The school should give young children ,education that inculcate a sense of togetherness not as foreign outlook.In this regard the curriculum should promote a consciousness in world issues and pride of our planet.This will help children of all races to free themselves from all forms segregations and become a strong and united people.
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