Child centred is an approach used by the teacher whereby pupils are involved in activities and obtain different skills.The teacher is there to guide ,the child whilst learning using all five senses in discovery ,discussion ,project etc.
Teacher centred approach used by the teacher ,whereby learners have miminum participation in learning process.The teacher acts as a fountain of knowledge whilst pupils are passive recipients.For example ,story telling where the teacher is the one only have the stories to tell.Drilling method where the teacher only give facts towards examinations.
Similarities:Both are methods of teaching and involving learning.They involve teacher and pupils and develop listening skills.
These methods are both tested ,assessed and evaluated.All are introduced and have conclusion.Also both may cause disciplinary problems.
Differences:Child centred is time consuming than teacher centred.Where the teacher is the guide in child centred and a leader in teacher centred.
Child centred develops skills more than teacher centred,but is stressful to the part of the teacher due to some preparation.
Teacher centred is a traditional method whilst child centred is contemporary progressive method and promotes laziness in learners ,the child centred creates curiosity and develop all skills.
Teacher centred approach has disciplinary problems than the child centred which promotes pupil/pupil interaction than teacher centered, since child centred promotes effective learning than teacher centred.Nevertheless teacher centred approach covers wide coverage than child centred.
Displayed media that had been used for reinforcement skills.These displays gives the chance for pupils to read ,however these displays must be current ,for a period of a week or two.
Permanant displays end up being noticed.
Routine /Ritual Displays :Examples: timetable,duty roaster or rota
All these must be permanantly displayed.On the duty roaster inclusion of classroom cleaning ,book filling ,etc.
Every subjects must have a space for its own displays.
Flanel board for pasting some pictures ,for example flies.Children 's work should be also displayed and should be current so that they can be motivated.
Charts displayed must have purpose ,avoid wasting space by displaying useless media.All the displayed charts must have a title which is related to contents.Framed charts look presentable and smart to attract eyes of the reader.
The font and language used must be relevant to the level /standard of the children.
Classroom interactions has many forms which include teacher /pupil or pupil /pupil or media /pupil or pupil/pupil interactions.
Kyriacou(1994)says, classroom interaction denote the relationship between the teacher and pupils .This relationship is important to teaching and learning as it promote a conducive environment ,which effectively create a sound teacher rapport through:
Acceptance of the teacher's authority and established and sustained teacher authority in addition to mutual respect
How to establish and sustain Teacher Authority this is done in four ways:
♦need to sustain some status
♦to demostrate /teacher competence
♦exercise control over the classroom
♦exercise control over the discipline
By virtue of being a teacher ,you derive some status so you should maintain it ,as an example a learner from society full of drunkards may not respect teachers.
It is necessary to behave like a person with status.Just walk ,talk ,drink or dance like a teacher.
Appear confident and relaxed ,being sure of what you are doing.Exercise right of status in a position of a teacher.
Teacher Competent should have a general fountain of knowledge and show delight in pupils ' work and give them assistance.The teacher should be carefully mark children's work and show exactly where the child should improve or work on.
Smith and Laslant(1992)identify four rules in classroom management:
•get them in:teach them concepts in life and culture.
•get them out :associated classroom rules and rules be enforced.
•get on with it: be aware of the task on hand ,be cautious of classroom problems.
•get on with them:don't set them in "don'ts"
Be Vigilant, muutual respect is two way liking or regard pupils with high esteem such that they will reciprocate or regard you in esteem.
Learner who is lazy about the cause ,the teacher's duty is of the cause .Take account each learner as of infinitive value ,regards every learner as a genius and facilitates the enlisting of the hidden treasure.
Overall the establisment and maintaining of teacher authority are essential in establishing sound class interaction coupled with the establishment of mutual respect .However it should be done with caution.
Class display should be purposeful and frequently done in line with the children's developmental level.
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